Cuzco
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Cuzco has experienced many transformations throughout its long history, but what makes this place so extraordinary is its unique ability to retain the cultural essence of each historic period.  First developed by the Killke people, who inhabited the area before the arrival of the Incas in the 13th century, Cuzco was to become the epicenter for the entire Incan civilization, which included most of western South America.  Unfortunately for the Incas, the arrival of the Spaniards in 1533 signaled the beginning of the end for the empire, but fortunately for us many of the most stunning Incan structures have survived, and helped to make Cuzco the archaeological capital of the Americas, and Peru's most popular travel destination.
Gateway to the Sacred Valley, and the splendid lost city of Machu Picchu,  Cuzco has a seemingly endless array of historic attractions from the pre-Colombian, and Colonial eras, some with influences of both periods.  In fact the Incas were such  masterful builders and architects, that the Spanish frequently utilized sections of Incan structures for their Churches, and Cathedrals, like the Convent of Santo Domingo, which was built on the foundation of the Coricancha, a sanctuary dedicated to the Incan sun god.  Other popular colonial sites include the Church of la Merced, Cathedral of Santo Domingo, Plaza de Armas, and the Parish Church, the oldest in Cuzco. 
Sites just outside the city limits include the massive walled  Ruins of Sacsayhuamán, the Palace of the Incas, Tambomachay or 'The Bath of The Inca', and numerous other outstanding archaeological points of interest.
Most travelers reach Machu Picchu by train from Cuzco (75 miles 3.5 hours), or Ollantaytambo (46 Miles 2 hours), and you can choose from three different types of service in the booking process: Click here for train details.
Cuzco was an extremely important agricultural center for the Incan civilization, and thousands of native species were cultivated in the valleys and the terraced hillsides throughout the region. 30 miles from Cusco is one of the most curious of all Incan ruins. Moray, a massive agricultural experiment featuring very sophisicated irrigation and terracing methods, is a remnant of the Incan passion for food production and agriculture. 
Cuzco is simply a must visit Peruvian destination, and from here visitors can make day, or multi-day trips  to the Sacred Valley with its mystical villages, colorful markets and roaring rivers, or by train to Machu Picchu, one the most magnificent archaeological destinations in world.  Arrangements for these excursions can be made in the booking process, and our featured itineraries can help you link Cuzco with other great Peruvian destinations.
Not surprisingly, Cuzco abounds with excellent  accommodations from stately colonial mansions, to modest boutiques on cobblestoned lanes.  Some provide in-room oxygen to help travelers acclimate to the 10,800 foot altitude, and others have excellent spa services, but wherever you stay in Cuzco, you will have the opportunity to experience one of the world's most historically important, and exciting destinations.