Istria is the largest peninsula in the Adriatic Sea, and roughly three-fifths of the peninsula`s area belongs to Croatia. Much of this region was once ruled by Italy, and in many locales you will see bilingual Croatian and Italian street signs. Foodies and wine connoisseurs will be excited to go into the interior, where farm-to-table cuisine is king. You can find fresh truffles and various vintages along the coast as well, however, just steps from popular beaches and resort complexes. The largest city in Croatian Istria is Pula, home to the Pula Arena, perhaps the best-preserved Roman amphitheatre in the world. Other cities and towns of note include Rovinj, dominated by the Church of St. Euphemia; and Porec, home to the UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Euphrasian Basilica.
The seaside cities, towns, and resorts of the North Istria Coast are comprised of a beautiful mix of buildings, ranging from stone villas to Austro-Hungarian-era grand palaces to state-of-the-art five-star resort complexes. The major cities of the northern coast, from north to south, are Umag, Novigrad, Porec, and Rovinj.
The southern Croatian Istrian coast is centered around Pula, Croatian Istria`s largest city, and the seaside towns and villages along the 40-plus miles of coastline to the city`s north, south, and southeast. The towns along the coast are famous for their beaches and breathtaking landscapes, such as the towns of Fazana and Medulin.