The English seaside resorts were the forerunners to the modern-day British mass tourism industry, and even after more than a century they still welcome millions of tourists each year. Originally marketed as spa towns in the nineteenth century, these resort towns became wildly popular when marketed to the burgeoning, and at that time new, middle class in society. Each town features a pier on which bars, restaurants, games, and other entertainment options are clustered, and some are known for their amusement parks. Arguably the most important and most popular of the English seaside towns are Brighton, located in East Sussex in the South East; Bournemouth, the largest city in Dorset, in the South West; and Blackpool, the largest city in Lancashire and situated on the Irish Sea coast in England`s North West.
North West England is the second-largest urban area in England, which includes Manchester, the UK`s third-largest city; Liverpool, on the River Mersey, known for its seafaring traditions and The Beatles; Blackpool, one of the most popular seaside resorts in England; and Chester, perhaps the best-preserved walled city in Britain.
Beautiful North East England consists of such cities such as Durham, which boasts a 1,000-year-old old town; Newcastle-upon-Tyne, developed around an old Roman settlement and once one of the most important shipbuilding centers in the world; and Sunderland, which grew around the 7th-century Monkwearmouth-Jarrow Abbey.
Yorkshire is the quintessential Northern English travel destination. Yorkshire is known for its scenic landscapes, especially at the North York Moors, the Peak District National Park, and the Yorkshire Dales National Park. It is also known for its bustling cities such as York, Sheffield, Leeds, and Bradford.
The English Midlands are often overlooked but are alluring to travelers. The region is full of history; many cities were founded over two millennia ago, and are some of the oldest cities in England. The Midlands was the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution, helping to cement the British Empire`s global influence.
The history of East Anglia (Norfolk, Suffolk, and Cambridgeshire) is vivid and rich; the oldest structures still standing in England, dating from the Bronze Age, are located in East Anglia. A number of large, ornate former monasteries-turned-cathedrals dot Cambridgeshire, from Peterborough to Fenland and the Isle of Ely.
South East England is a large and geographically diverse region, much of which sits in the Thames River Valley, and here you can experience such sights as the New Forest, the Chiltern Hills, and the White Cliffs of Dover, in addition to Blenheim Palace, Windsor Castle, Canterbury Cathedral, and the list goes on.
South West England is filled with exciting sights such as Stonehenge, the world-famous prehistoric stone circle; the Roman-era hot springs of Bath; the coasts of Dorset and east Devon; and the tin mines that dot the coasts of Devon and Cornwall. All of these popular attractions are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
The British Isles has a rich history of literary excellence. The history, fantasy, politics, romance, and tradition of the isles have been brought to life and evaluated by authors who span centuries. The canon of literature produced by authors from the British Isles illuminates historical narratives and literary innovations.
The Lake District, located in Cumbria in England`s northwest, is a mountainous region famous for its forests, waterfalls, its literary traditions, and of course its lakes. The Lake District National Park, spread out across 911 square miles, is the United Kingdom`s most-visited national park, and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Explore quintessentially English villages of honey-colored stone; take in splendid, lively market towns, and visit some of the country`s greatest castles and country houses in the Cotswolds, a collection of small, rural villages with acclaimed reserves and some of the most breathtaking landscapes available in England.