Perched on a limestone spur high above the Júcar and Huécar rivers, lays the UNESCO World Heritage city of Cuenca. Founded by Moors, it retains its Historic Walled Town with steep cobbled streets and medieval castle ruins., it's most famous for its well-preserved "casas colgadas," or hanging houses. Narrow meandering streets separate tall houses with wooden balconies that literally jut out over the sheer cliffs. The historic and artistic importance of the city is undeniable. Towering over the main square is the Cathedral, a magnificent and majestic building from the 12th century, one of the earliest example of Gothic style in Spain and it contains Romanesque elements along with Renaissance additions.
Cuenca has established itself as a vortex of abstract modern art. Two of its most iconic buildings – including the famed casas colgadas (hanging houses) – have transformed their interiors into modern galleries. Cuenca offers an impressive list of ten museums from the Castile-La Mancha Science Museum to the Museum of Religious Art and The Spanish Museum of Abstract Spanish Art, the first museum of its kind in Spain.